Recently, one of our teenage children invited a friend over for dinner. For us it was a typical meal around the dinner table. For him, it was a unique experience. He told us that both his parents work long hours, and his family of four only eats together for special occasions like Thanksgiving and Christmas. He didn't seem to mind squeezing in to an already crowded table of eight. In fact, he remarked more than once how great it was.
My wife, Ellie, and I both grew up in families where mealtime was family time, so early in our marriage we decided to continue the tradition. As our own family has grown (we have seven children now, including several teens), it has become more difficult than ever to keep family meals a priority. But we know it's worth the effort, especially in this age of frenetic schedules. Esteemed universities and scholarly journals agree—study after study shows the nutritional, social, emotional, and spiritual benefits of the family dinner table. For example, children who eat regularly with their family:
- have fewer behavior problems in school and are significantly less likely to get involved with drugs, alcohol, and early sexual behavior;
- are significantly more likely to have a healthy balanced diet and less likely to be overweight;
- are likely to have higher test scores relative to the amount of time spent with family;
- have higher communication skills and greater vocabulary;
- teenage girls are particularly less likely to suffer from depression or attempt suicide, and less prone to develop eating disorders like anorexia and bulimia.
Unfortunately, few families are enjoying this important part of life. Recent research suggests that between 10 and 40 percent of children never or seldom eat together with their family. On average a family shares only 3-5 meals together a week, and even that average drops considerably as children become teens.
Living in the real world
The cohesive family unit of 50 years ago is fast becoming ancient history. Today, each family member is more individualistic and isolated from the others in the family. Dad (and often, Mom) goes off to work and spends at least eight hours with other adults. Children spend the large portion of the day in class and most of the interactions they do have are strictly with those their own age.
The dinner table offers the opportunity to bring adults, teens, and younger children together to share their individual experiences of the day. It becomes the place where life issues are raised, discussed, and resolved. Rather than each family member continuing to drift into his or her own individual world, the interaction during mealtime strengthens family bonds and enriches the daily experience of life.
Throughout Scripture, when the word table is used, it often connotes more than just the piece of furniture where the food is served. It is often a place of special honor, acceptance, care, and fellowship. The cup and bread that we share in remembrance of Christ's sacrifice for us, we often refer to as the Lord's Table. In Psalm 23:5, King David declares to God, "You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies." We see numerous passages where close associates of a king are referred to as those who ate at his table (2 Samuel 9:11; 1 Kings 18:19; Luke 22:27-30).
In the book of Deuteronomy, God commands parents to teach their children throughout the routine activities of the day (4:4-7; 11:18-20). Children learn best not in the school classroom, but in the classroom of life. At the Williams dinner table, often someone will bring up a current event topic and others will chime in with their perspectives. While the conversation is usually between the teens and adults, our younger children take it all in and learn things that wouldn't have otherwise entered their minds.
A wise parent not only monitors the conversation at the table but looks for ways to direct it. Often seeing how siblings act and react toward each other at the table can be a cue to parents to teach the importance of honor, acceptance, and graciousness. Sharing wisdom that comes from a verse of Scripture or from a life experience becomes a natural part of the conversation as we face new experiences or address issues that are hampering family unity. With all family members there at one time, we as parents have a captive audience for revealing that God is still guiding us in our own maturing process.
Mind your manners
The social graces used to be a part of everyone's education. Today many children have no clue about proper table etiquette or why it even matters. In our house the dinner table is Manners 101. Occasionally we get objections, especially from the older children, about how the rules are old fashioned or too restrictive. That's often a great opportunity to remind them that manners are not so much about rules as they are about showing consideration for others.
From time to time, though, I'm the one who needs the reminder that manners aren't just about rules. Sometimes in my desire to teach my children good behavior, I've found myself so overbearing in my correction that the atmosphere at the meal becomes unpleasant. What is supposed to be an enjoyable time can become anything but. These interactions at the dinner table give everyone, even us adults, a chance to grow and show grace.
The dinner table is an opportunity to remind each person that he or she is a valued member of the family, and that the actions of one person can affect everyone in the family. It assures children that they belong to a group of people who genuinely care for them.
Setting your family table
After nearly 20 years of gathering daily for meals, Ellie and I are convinced that we've truly benefited by making the family table a priority. Maybe you agree in principle, but you can't see how you will ever get past all the obstacles to make the family meal a regular part of your schedule. Maybe you feel you don't have time to do the cooking. Maybe dinner is the worst time of the day when it comes to family schedules. Maybe having meals together is such a foreign idea you don't know where to start.
Here are a few tips that may set you on your way to making your dining room one of the most special rooms in the house.
Enlist the family's help. Kids can help shop, prepare the food, set the table, serve the drinks and food, as well as clean up after the meal. In our home we have assigned responsibilities that rotate every week. Dads, you need to make it a priority to come home from work on time.
Set reasonable goals. If you're not eating together at all, start off with one or two simple meals, then gradually increase the number of meals and how elaborate they are. Set a goal for the number of meals you want to eat each week as a family and require everyone to be there. Children, especially the older ones, may resist at first. After a while, though, children actually become the greatest advocates for spending time around the dinner table.
Minimize your time in the kitchen. If you're spending hours preparing and cleaning up for a 15-minute meal, chances are you'll give up on family meals before very long. Enlist all your servants like the microwave, crock-pot and pressure cooker. When you fix meals, prepare double or triple portions, then freeze or refrigerate for later meals.
To focus on each other, you need to ban the electronics. Turn off the television and computer, and don't answer the phone.
Focus on being together rather than creating a full course meal. If you have to, serve heat-and-eat foods and just add a pre-mixed salad for health and to dress up the meal. You can bet that King Solomon saw his share of elaborate feasts, yet he declared, "Better a dish of vegetables where love is than a fattened ox served with hatred" (Proverbs 15:17).
Create some memorable meals. Every once in a while, you might want to make it really special. A fancy meal is a great way to focus on manners, and a special treat for the girls. It helps emphasize the holy nature of family gatherings. Candles, flowers, and the nice tableware add a special touch.
Make the family table an outreach for friends. If your children are dating/courting age, it's a good opportunity to get to know a special friend, and to let that person better understand your child within the context of his or her family.
Think of discussion topics ahead of time. A verse of Scripture, the latest news, a new joke. I recently got each family member to jot down their favorite color, flower, food, etc. on a piece of paper. I collected them and read them aloud while everyone tried to guess the family member.
Find ways to make it positive. Reward a child's good behavior with an extra serving of dessert or the privilege of planning an upcoming menu.
However you choose to organize your family meals, make them a special part of who you are as a family. You can bet that in years to come, your children will look back at those daily times as some of the most influential moments in their lives. Who knows? In a generation they may be sitting down with their children, creating special moments of their own.
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